Sunday, November 28, 2010

How to draft princess seam blouse from basic sari blouse draft

Please see this site. There are many Princess cut blouse models.


Method of sewing zip to a garment.

Attach facing to the neck line. (I have shown only the back side of the garment here as it is difficult for me to show both the sides that is front and back.) Press under the seam allowances of the back opening
Close the zip. Mark the length of the zip on the garment. Stitch the seams together on the fold line till the mark and press the seams open
Pin the zip to the edges to the folded seam allowance such that the center line of the zipper coincides with the edges of the seam allowances and the zipper tab end should be placed ½” below the neck line seam. Trim off the zipper tape just below the neck line. Baste the zipper to the garment. Do the same thing for the other side also
Using the zipper foot machine stitch the zipper to the garment. . Fold the neck facing and finish the neck line using hem stitch

Tuesday, November 23, 2010

How to sew seams - Part 2

French seam

French seam is a strong seam. I can only be used on straight seams. Finishing of the seams is not needed. It is very useful for stitching under garments and sheer fabrics; it is not suitable for heavy fabrics.
Stitching method.
Keep wrong sides of the material together, Stitch on the right side ¼” away from the seam line in the seam allowance.
Trim the raw edge to 1/8” from the line of stitching and turn to the wrong side.
Crease the joint, press. Fold on the line of the joint. Stitch on the seam line.
While stitching care should be taken such that the raw edge of the seam does not show on the right side.

Flat-fell seam.

This seam is used for men’s shirts and pajamas. It has got two parallel rows of stitches.
This is the strongest seam.
Keep wrong side of the fabric together and stitch on the right side on the seam line .Trim one side of the seam by ¼”. Turn under the raw edge of the other seam and place it flat on the trimmed seam and top stitch close to the folded edge

Monday, November 22, 2010

How to sew seams - Part 1

Seams are the lines of stitching which hold two pieces of fabric together. There are many types of seams. The type of seam we use depends upon the fabric.

Plain seam

This type of seam is used for firmly woven fabric that does not ravel easily. Double stitched plain seam gives added strength. If we want to open the seam to give smooth fit double stitching is done one above the other.

How to make plain seam

Keep the two pieces of the material to be joined, right sides together and make a single row of machine stitching ½” from the edge. Beginners can mark the seam line and tack before machine stitching. Make a second row of stitching 1/16” from and parallel to the first row in the seam allowance

Methods of finishing plain seam

1. Pinking
It is used for firmly woven fabric. After stitching the seam is trimmed with pinking shears

2. Overcasting

This is also used on firm fabric. After seam is stitched the edges of the seams are stitched together with over casting stitches by hand or the seams can be opened and overcasting is done separately.

3 Hemming

This is used on the fabric that ravels. After stitching, the seam is opened and the raw edges are turned inside a little and machine stitched.

4 False French

This method id used on sheer fabrics to get neat finish .This adds strength to the seams. After stitching, seam is opened, raw edges are turned up and brought together and hemmed by hand

5 Bound seam 

This method is used on fabric that is heavy and ravels easily. After stitching, seam is opened and the raw edges are bound separately with bias strips.

Self binding 

This method can be used for the seams that can be turned towards one side. Stitch seam .Trim one layer of seam allowance to ¼”. Turn and press the other seam allowance towards the trimmed side. Turn again over the trimmed side and stitch.

Zigzag stitched.

Stitch seams. Finish the seams with zigzag stitches placed to the edge of the seam allowance.

Seams in sheer fabrics.

Place the fabric right sides together. Stitch them together 1/8th” from the seam line with in the seam allowance. Fold and press both the layers over the stitching. Stitch close to the folded edge.>Trim the seam allowance close to the stitching.Turn again and stitch close to the edge such that the stitches should fall on the seam line. This makes almost invisible seam


Friday, October 15, 2010

Nehru shirt

 This type of shirt is usually worn with dothi  or  Pyjama.Neck is finished with stand collar or bound hem.We can call this kurtha with out kali.Looks grand with embroidery


neck round

Body front and back

A-B= full length +1”
A-C=¼ chest
A-D = waist length
Draw perpendiculars from A, C, D and B
A-E =½ shoulder +¼”
C-H =¼ chest +2”. For boys add 1½”
C-G =A-E-¼”
E-F =1¼”
G-P=1” Shape armhole of scye H-P-F of body front.
P-J =1” Shape armhole of scye H-J-F of body back.
D-I is C-H -½”
B-L =C-H +2”
Shape side seam H-I-K
Shape bottom curve B-K.
A-N=1/6th neck. A-O =¾”, Shape back neck curve N-O
A-M =1/6th neck + ¼”. Shape front neck curve N-M
Q-K is side slit =1/4 th of A-B +1"


A-I =Sleeve length +½”.
C-A =1/12th chest +½”. Draw perpendicular from C to the line A-I.
C-D =¼ chest less ½”
Join A-D. F is it’s midpoint. H is the midpoint of F-D
H-I =¾” and F-J =¾”. Shape back curve A-J-D and front curve A-F-D
E-I =1/6th chest .Join E-I and D-E.

 Stand Collar

C-D=½ neck line +¼”
E is midpoint.
Draw perpendiculars from C and D. A-C=1½” or to taste. A-C = B-D .Mark point F on D-B such that D-F =½”
Mark point G on A-B such that G-B = ¼”
Shape the curve C-E-F as shown in the figure Join F-G and produce to the point H such that H-F =A-C-¼”.
Shape the curve A –H as shown in the figure 1. In this collar front edges are straight. If you want front edges to be rounded Shape the curve A-H-G as shown in the figure 2


Thursday, October 14, 2010

Method of drafting pyjama

This pyjama can be used as an indoor garment or as an outdoor garment with Kurtha. If it is worn with Kurtha, leg round is reduced..It can be stitched with fly or without fly.It is prepared with a casing at the waist to pass draw string




A-B=1/3rd seat + 1½”
A-C= ¹/3rd seat
Mark point H on A-C, 1” below the midpoint of A-C.
A-H =B-I. Join H-I
Mark J such that B-J =¼ seat + 1¼”.
A-C =B-D. Join C-D
From J drop J-L perpendicular to C-D. This line intersects the line H-I at the point Q.
Mark point K, ½” below Q.
Join C-K with a deep inward curve as shown.
Mark point R such that R-J = 1¼”
Drop perpendicular from R .It meets the line H-I at the point S.
Mark point M such that S-M = 1”. Shape M-K with upward curve.
G-F= ½ leg round .Join C-F


A’-B’=1/3rd seat + 1½”
A’-C’= ¹/3rd seat
Mark point H on A’-C’, 1” below the midpoint of A’-C’.
A’-H’ =B’-I’. Join H’-I’
A’-C ‘=B’-D’ Join C’-D’
From B’ measure B’-O =¼ seat-1½”
From O drop a perpendicular to C-’D’. This line meets I’-H’ at N. Produce N-O to P such that O-P = 1½”
Join B’-P as shown in the figure..
Mark T on the line I’-H’ such that N-T =1½”
Produce D’-C’ to U such that C-’U =1½”. Join P-T-U as shown.
G’- F’ ½ leg round + ½”
Join U-F’

Right side front fly facing

Using carbon paper trace shape R-J-K-S-M-R on a sheet of paper to get the draft of the fly facing.

Left side front  fly extension

It is prepared in the same way but on a folded sheet of paper keeping J-K on the fold.


Add 1½” on R-j-B- P and tops of fly facing and fly extension for stitching casing..
Add 1½” on F-G-F’ for bottom folding.
Add ½” on all other pattern edges for seams..
If side seam is needed cut front and back of the pyjama separately and add ½” of seam allowance.
If not place the drafts of front and back side by side matching the points BB’, DD” and DD”.


Sunday, September 26, 2010


This is an easy fitting garment for children from 6 months to 3 years.This is the basic design.We can create many other types from this.Neck and sleeve edges can be finished with piping . collar can also be attached.Elastic of length little less than the thigh round is inserted at the bottom
Measurements needed
Full Length
Sleeve length measured from the nape of the neck
Thigh round

A-B= Full length + 1/2'’
A-D = Waist length
A-C =1/4 chest
Draw perpendiculars from A,C,D and B
A-E=1/2 shoulder+1/4”
A-F =sleeve length measured from the nape of the neck
C-H = ¼ chest +1⅟2”
Produce C-H to G such that C-G =A-F
D-J =C-H.Produce D-J to K such thatD-K =1/2 chest
D-K =B-Q Join K-Q
Mark M on the line B_Q such that B-M =⅟12th seat
Mark L on the line K-Q such that Q - L =⅟6th seat
Join   M-L. this is back leg shape.
Draw another curved line M-L Which is front leg shape  as shown in the figure. Let the mid - points of the curved line and straight line be 1” apart.
A-R =⅟12th chest +⅟4”
A-N =1”
A-O=1⅟12th chest +⅟2”
Shape front neck O-R and back neck N-R
F-P =1” Join R-P.
G-H =!”. Join P-H
Join L-H by a curved line as shown in the figure.
O-S =front opening line =⅓ chest + ⅟4”
Join shoulders.
Finish  sleeve edges by PIPING
Stitch sides.
Join front and back of the Romper by joining along the line M-B-M.Finish thigh round by PIPING  or by attaching frills


Monday, September 20, 2010

Body measurements

I had collected these boy  measurement charts from the web.I had not noted down the address.

Thursday, September 16, 2010

Jabla with overlapping front

This dress is suitable for infants.
Measurements needed
Length =10"

Draw perpendiculars A-B and C-D from the points A and C
A-B= ¼ chest+ 2”
Join B-D.
Mark J on B-D such that B-J =¼ Chest-1”
Join J and D by a curved line as shown.
A-E= G-F=1/12th chest and A-G= G-F=1/12th chest +1”
Draw a parallel line H-I, 2” away from line A-C
H-I is ½” less than line G-C
Shape front neck line E-G-H and back neck line A-K

Join shoulder lines of front and back together with right sides together.Finish neck line and sleeves with piping.Stitch sides .Finish the bottom hem also with piping.Stitch snap fasteners to the front opening.

Wednesday, September 15, 2010

Monday, August 9, 2010

Jabla with frill


Trace and cut the draft of jabla .Lessen the length by 2".Add 1/2" for seams.


Cut a strip if cloth of width 3" and length being twice the circumference of the body.


Body measurements of babies and children

These tables are from National Bureau of Standards Body Measurements Tables

I thought that they will be useful to stitch clothes for babies and children